Rubbing or Buffing out a Finish: Shake container well. Thinning the polyurethane makes it flow on more smoothly and reduces brush marks. To achieve the finish you want, select the correct gloss. Sand the workpiece to 220 grit. Here is what you do: Use 0000 fine steel wool and dip it in your finishing … wikiHow's. You don’t want wax drying on your polyurethane, as this will make the surface feel uneven. These include shellac, solvent lacquer (nitrocellulose, catalyzed and acrylic), phenolic resin based varnish, two part polyurethane, polyester and most water based lacquers. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Use 1500 and 2000-grits for ultra-delicate sanding. Photos by Marty Schlosser As with all fine finishes, prep­aration is key. This article has been viewed 11,161 times. Posted by 6 months ago. You can create such an area by hanging an inexpensive vinyl shower curtain in a corner of your shop. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. Let dry. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Then, wipe off the dust with a rag dipped in mineral spirits. Allow each coat to dry fully. You can buy car polish online, or in an auto supply shop. You can rub out all types of film forming finishes, including shellac, lacquer, oil based varnish and polyurethane, waterbased coatings and catalyzed or conversion coatings. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Coat the entirety of your workpiece, but don't brush excessively or you'll create areas with too little polyurethane. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. All Rights Reserved. Buffing Your Polyurethane To A Smooth Finish. (Skip the stain if you intend to leave your workpiece natural-color.) The final step to a great finish on your next woodworking project. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The harder the finish, the better it responds to rubbing out. in the grain direction to hide fine If you have a floor with a polyurethane finish, be sure to use a water-based polish. Urethane and varnish hold up where oil finishes … Whether you sanded or not, doing this buffing method using steel wool and finishing paste can create a really smooth finish to your polyurethane piece. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. I've stained and applied 4 coats of Varthane water-based polyurethane in matte finish. Once you turn your sander on to a low speed, the pad will spin and buff the finished surface. Clean the wood very thoroughly to remove sanding dust before each new coat of polyurethane, using a vacuum (if available) and a tack cloth. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. You simply cannot achieve a deep shine without the underlying sur­face being smooth and completely free of surface glue. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Buffing mainly addresses damage and imperfections in the sealant layers protecting your hardwood floors. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. To give the subsequent poly layers something to bond to, sand lightly between coats with 320-grit sandpaper wrapped around a hard block. scratches. Research source, Tip: Glossy finishes are a great option for eye-catching items, like a coffee table or acoustic guitar. ... Im currently working with poly for my first time, on the second coat. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. X A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. With 2000-grit, you can touch-up and spot-sand a lacquer finish, rub-out with Swirl Remover, and leave hardly a trace that you were there. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. 4 steps to a perfect polyurethane finish Prepare your workpiece. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. I read that for the final coat, you can buff with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a glossy smooth finish. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. I'm finishing my first woodworking project — a tabletop that I hope to mount on a sit/stand desk mechanism. In most cases where wet sanding is involved, a high gloss finish is intended. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. If the finish “balls up” or seems wet, let it dry some more. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Learn more... Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. Apply stain and poly. Getting Rid of Bubbles In Your Dried Polyurethane Finish. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects. There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. You can also use a section of 0000 steel wool to buff the surface. You can reverse this process by polishing the polyurethane with mild abrasives, creating a high-gloss look that gives your surface a … Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. Continue to buff the polish until it has a shiny appearance. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. By using our site, you agree to our. © 2021 Meredith Corporation. Finally, using a soft cotton rag or polishing pad, buff the finish to a high shine using automotive paste wax, photo below, which has fine abrasives that polish the finish even further. Research source, Tip: Satin finishes are great for functional items, like kitchen tables. Make sure you’ve applied at least 3-4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or else you could burn through the finish. They include using a roller, using wipe-on poly and above all controlling dust. These tips and techniques for applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually flawless results. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Buff off the excess with a buffing or sanding pad (see below) in the direction of the wood grain. For a more careful polishing job, use short, smooth strokes as you go. (In both cases proceed through all buffing stages.) Prepare Test Areas. You may want to buff your floors instead of sanding them if the finish of the floor is looking dull and scratched. Yes, this terminology is very hard to discuss with a straight face. Apply a small amount of as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. 2. Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. Modern hardwood floors are generally finished with a polyurethane or acrylic coating (unless a different finish is requested for), while older hardwood floors may be unfinished and only stained (they have no surface-seal or protective film). Make sure the poly has cured for a minimum of 4-5 days at 70f. You should use an automotive polishing compound and a buffer for big areas. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. The cut buff removes the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish that the finish/color buff can remove. Make sure that the sandpaper is labeled as “wet/dry.” You can find this type of paper at most hardware or home improvement stores, or you can buy it online. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. Buff the surface with car polish for a shiny finish or use paste wax for a satin finish. Let sit 1-2 minutes. Always follow the grain when you do this! We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. It forms a protective finish that is as hard as glass. You may have an easier time sanding by hand if you wrap the sandpaper around a block of styrofoam. Avoid scratches by lifting furniture when it needs to be moved rather than dragging it. Note: The first coat needs the most sanding to appear smooth; don't worry if it doesn't look as flawless as you'd like at first. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Scrape off the excess and let dry. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 11,161 times. Caution: Finish tends to be thinner at tabletop edges. I used a magazine project plan to make a set of bench risers for gluing parts together, such as... read more. It’ll take a few minutes before the polish is completely buffed in. If no harm is done, apply the polish directly to the floor or rub it on with a microfiber cloth, starting at the interior corner. Archived. Wipe off any excess stain. Tip: You can also use a scrubbing pad with your orbital sander. It is harder, more durable and dries more quickly than varnish. Sanding polyurethane can be a time-consuming process, so you may have to do this several times. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m5s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=2m49s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=2m55s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/woodworking-tips/techniques/finishing/polyurethane, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=PpUBzF0LSnM&t=1m10s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m4s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=3m20s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=5m26s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=6m50s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=7m9s, https://www.woodworkersjournal.com/rubbing-great-finish-satin-gloss/, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=8m3s, https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=96KywJlZ9g4&t=0m6s, https://www.woodmagazine.com/materials-guide/finishes/what-finish-is-that-anyway, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. [21] Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Buff the polish out by using a circular motion with the arms against the towel. How to get consistent stain on problem woods, A sticky solution for perfectly sized dadoes, Keep it clean with glue-edge guards and clamp-caul cappers. Apply the first coat, let it dry, buff then repeat the process again. X wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Sand the surface of the polyurethane with the sandpaper, using small circular motions to remove … The final coat gives your workpiece its smooth feel and flawless appearance, so give it extra attention. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. Buff off the excess with Sanding removes dust nibs and brush marks and leaves the finish smooth and flat. Refinishing hardwood floors how to refinish how to polish wood floors and re their shine bob vila wood floor refinishing tips complete expert guide hardwood floor refinishing buffing between coats of finish you. NOTE: Before sanding, test on an inconspicuous part of the surface to ensure that the poly is completely dry. Research source, 7 expensive beauty products you can make yourself. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. To achieve this on open-grain woods (oak, ash, walnut, or mahogany, for instance), first fill the pores with a wood-grain filler, photo below. This helps to get rid of any excess polish stuck to the surface. To make things easier, apply wax to the end sections of the wood first. Put on the polish. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. I applied each successive coat after lightly sanding between coats with 400 grit sandpaper and achieved a finish I'm pretty content with. Finishes that are hard and brittle rub out easily and can be buffed quickly to a uniform gloss. After you’ve applied your polyurethane and let it dry completely,... 2. When working with polyurethane, wet sanding is the best way to ensure a smooth finish. X This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Sand in alternating directions with each abrasive to make it easier to see whether you've removed the scratches from the previous grit. [15] Finish with 1500-grit paper. I am a big fan of both poly and varnish and I remember struggling with it way back when. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. Feel free to use more or less polish, depending on the size of your project. Attach yellow buffing pads to the rubber backer using the center washer nut, or replace the original pad with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad. Switch out your sandpaper pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. Last Updated: April 1, 2020 The higher/finer grit you use, the easier it will be to achieve a high-gloss finish. Buffing and Polishing Polyurethane Suggestions for buffing a poly finish to a high gloss. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Wipe on a thin, even coat with a clean cloth. Sand the surface flat Begin sanding the finish with 220- or 320-grit stearated sandpaper to remove dust nibs, brush strokes, and runs or … Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. For a shinier finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. How to buff out last coat of polyurethane. The buff wheel acts as the carrier of the compound, which ultimately does the surface finishing. Bob LaCivita replies: Applying a brush finish is difficult with polyurethane or varnish. Close. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Lacquer, Shellac, Water-Based Finishes: 1 week Use an orbital sander and 2000-grit paper to buff the wet surface. 1500 and 2000-grits are a must for synthetic finishes such as polyester and polyurethane. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Place a clean towel on the applied polish area. To create a completely polished surface, it may be worth it to sand the surface of your wood. It is best to apply two coats. Quick Tip! wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Spritz over the finished surface with tap water. Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. Small areas will have to be polished by hand unless you have some funky buffing tools. buff out to more than a satin sheen, let it sit for another week or two. This process may take several minutes to complete. % of people told us that this article helped them. If you don’t have any super-fine sandpaper on hand, you can use a lower grit level, like 320. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Even after a finish dries to the touch, there is an additional period of time before the finish is up to full hardness. Without inserting any sandpaper or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of the sander on top of the scrubbing pad. Cut buff is the course buff process. References. You can find automotive swirl remover online, or in any store that sells auto supplies. Quick Tip! Sand with the grain on the final pass. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. (You can use a natural bristle brush with oil-based poly, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs.) Polishing and Buffing a Finish. Whats people lookup in this blog: How To Buff Polyurethane Hardwood Floors; How To Polish Polyurethane Hardwood Floors Do not try to polish an uncured film. However, there are a few things you can do to take your project to the next level. It pays to know what type of finish your hardwood flooring is coated with to ensure that you are cleaning it appropriately. 1.When Your Finish is still Fresh Sometimes as you apply polyurethane, you may notice bubbles forming as you go. It seems completely counterintuitive, but to make a finish really shine, you have to start by sanding it dull (Photo 2). So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Take a circular sheet of smooth sandpaper and fit... 3. … Anyway, here’s a general guideline for wait times. You can also buff floors made of other materials, like tile, to bring back their luster. There are three strong reasons for doing so. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. [3] Smooth and Flatten the Finish. Test the polish on an area in a closet or under a large piece of furniture to make sure it doesn't discolor the wood. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/4d\/Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg\/aid11772683-v4-728px-Polish-Polyurethane-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Buffing Tools: Norton Abrasives, Yellow Block Pick two test areas on the floor: one in a high-traffic zone, the other along a … The compound is sprayed or pressured into the rotating buffing wheel. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Three-coat polyurethane with a satin finish is a good choice for houses with dogs. automotive paste wax, working Quick Tip! Then, remove any dust nibs with 1,500-grit sandpaper or a piece of brown paper bag. After the third coat, sand with 320-grit, then 400-, and finally 600-grit sandpaper. You need to get the sanding up to 1500 or above to begin buffing. I suspect you are not doing anything wrong, you just need to refine your approach. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing? While this polyurethane can help make your wood surfaces look smooth and glassy, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first. The higher you take it the easier the buffing will be. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain. Hold the spray nozzle 12–16" from the workpiece and sweep the can across the surface without stopping. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) a clean, soft rag. Buffing the Finished Surface 1. Be careful when you polish around the edges, as you don’t want to burn through the polyurethane. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Spray on this coat using an aerosol polyurethane and let it cure overnight, photo below.